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这份写给美国总统唐纳德-新葡萄京娱乐官方网站:特朗普的,及时是上岗后我建议也要定期对教师进行心理健康教育的培训

可是考研新葡萄京娱乐官方网站:,但是有很多考生会担心专业硕士的含金量

第十六讲 简单句、新葡萄京娱乐官方网站并列句和复合句,  (1) 用来连接两个并列概念的连接词有and

  ⑶表示对将来的主观愿望:谓语动词形式为“would/ should/ could/ might
+动词原形”。在这种情况下,主句的主语与从句的主语不能相同,因为主句的主语所期望的从句动作能否实现,取决于从句主语的态度或意愿(非动作名词除外)
。 

在复合句中,主句和从句的谓语动词时态一般遵循以下的规律:

(三)Ving形式作主语
Ving形式具有动词和名词的性质,在句中起名词作用,可作主语。   Seeing is
believing.眼见为实。

  2、用“So / Nor / Neither + 助动词 +
主语”倒装结构表示第二个人物的情况与上文的人物情况相同。如:Tom went to
the beach last week, and, so did I. (Tom上个星期去了海滩,我也是。) / Li
Mei’s bought nothing from the shop. Neither has Jim.
(李梅没有在店里买什么,Jim也没有买。)

c. where he comes from d. where he wants to go

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的两个句子成为并列句。

⑤ 在as if/though
引导的状语从句中,如果表示一种与事实相反夸张,从句多用一般过去时或过去完成时。例如:She
stared at me as though I were a complete stranger。

the waiting room = the room for waiting 候车室

  1、关系代词只能用that的情况:

(1)当关系代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词要与先行词保持一致。

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越….。。越….。。”。

定语从句分为限制性定语从句非限制性定语从句两种。限制性定语从句对先行词起修饰和限制作用,而非限制性定语从句对先行词起补充和解释说明作用。通常限制性定语从句与先行词之间没有逗号,而非限制性定语从句与先行词之间有逗号隔开。

It is no use arguing with him.

  1、直接引语如果是陈述句,变为间接引语时应注意以下各点:

英语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词后面,作介词的宾语。

比较状语从句:(not) as/so…as…,than…, the more…the more…(越……越……)
引导。

I don”t like such books as he recommends.

  如:Tom’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to.
(Tom的父亲是我们老师第一个谈话的人。)

指物

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  我希望你安静一些。 

当从句的主语与主句的主语相同时,被动结构的状语从句,可省略与主句相同的主语和助动词,保留连词+过去分词;主动结构的状语从句,可省略与主句相同的主语和助动词,保留连词+现在分词。例如:We
all know that, if not carefully dealt with, the situation will get
worse。

文章结尾处有彩蛋~~不谢!

  (3)
状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其位置可以在主句前或主句后。状语从句可以分为时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、比较、让步、条件等几种。状语从句由从属连接词引导。

  1. “Do you want to try somethingnew?” Tom’s mother asked him.

  语法知识点3

However amusing the story is, I have to put it away and focus my
attention on study this week。

我试着又干了一次。

  如:Lucy said to me, “How can I help?” →Lucy asked me how she could
help.

原因状语从句常用的引导词有because, as, since(既然)等

  ⑴表示对现在情况的虚拟:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be
的过去式用were.   


非限制性定语从句:从句与先行词关系不密切,去掉定从句,意思仍然完整。形式上用逗号隔开,不能that用引导。例如:His
movie won several awards at the film festival, which was beyond his
wildest dream. (去掉定语从句,主句的意思仍完整)

With the boy to lead the way,we will find the house easily tomorrow.

  2、常见的并列句:

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用
would,可以表示请求,通常意味着说话人的不快或不满。

③在hardly/scarcely…when…, no
sooner…than.。.句式中,把hardly/scarcely/no
sooner置于句首时,第一个分句采用部分倒装语序,即把第二个分句用陈述语序。例如:

  1. 在with结构中,第一部分为人称代词时,则该用宾格代词。

  1、THERE BE句型以及以here、there开头的句子。如: There are a lot of
children in the showroom. (在展览室里有许多的小孩。)/ Here comes the
bus. (公交车来了。) / There goes the bell. (铃响了。) / The door opened
and in came Mr Lee. (门开了,李先生走了进来。)

She asked them what they were doing.

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能停止。 

⑤ 引导定语从句的关系副词有时可以用“介词 + which”来代替。例如:

例如:

  地点状语从句通常由 where, wherever等引导。如:Go back where you came
from! (哪里来还滚到哪里去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief
who stole my necklace wherever he may be.
(我永远也不会忘记去抓住那个偷我项链的贼,无论他会在哪里。)

a. that b. which c. who d. a&b

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

表示转折关系常用的连词有:but, still, however, yet, while, when等。

二、 动词-ing形式作宾语。

  附加注释

  1. When does the train leave? I want toknow.

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.   
我希望知道这个问题的答案。(可惜不知道。) 

④ however与形容词、副词一起引导让步状语从句,句子采用陈述语序。例如:

a working method 工作方法

  若从句来源于一个特殊疑问句,则连词就是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

并列句:两个或两个以上的简单句,用连词连接起来。

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to
rain tomorrow。

(4)从句和主句中谓语动词的时态

(1) He will succeed because he is in earnest.

  若从句来源于一个陈述句,那么,连词用that,在口语中that可以省略;

  1. I like the place ____ I canhave a good time.

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

Such was the force of the explosion that windows were blown out。

但在It is no use / good, not any use / good, useless
等后必须用Ving形式。

  ④ 下列结构后面的从句一般也作为宾语从句看待:

作主语

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will
continue to be rejected。

时间状语从句:when, whenever每当……,after, before, as, as soon as,
hardly/ scarcely…when…, no sooner…than.。.一……就……,while, till,
until, since, once。名词词组the first time第一次,last
time最后一次,every/each time每次,the next time下次,the next
day第二天, the moment, the minute, the second, the instant
一……就……;副词immediately, instantly, directly等也可作连词使用。

a sleeping child 熟睡的孩子

  条件状语从句通常由if, unless, as long
as等引导,条件状语从句一般放在句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不允许使用将来时,而应该用现在时替代。You
will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much
harder. (即将来到的期末考试你肯定考不及格,除非你更用功。) / If it doesn’
t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking.
(如果明天不下雨我们就要去徒步旅行。)

He worked hard______ _______ ______ make moremoney.

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the
new task at
once。既然我们把所有材料都准备好了,我们应该立刻开始这项新的工作。

(2) 名词性从句的连接词

1.
with结构由介词with或without+复合结构构成。复合结构中第一部分与第二部分语法上是宾语和宾语补足语关系,而在逻辑上,却具有主谓关系,也就是说,可以用第一部分作主语,第二部分作谓语,构成一个句子。

  2、关系代词在从句中作主语时一般用who(指人)、that(指物),而不用that指人或用which指物。

  1. Mrs.Wang said that she ______(buy) a new car the next day.

  2. OurEnglish teacher told us that Christmas ________(be) on
    December 25.

  3. I’lltell you as soon as Kate ______(come) here.

  4. Couldyou tell me when your father ______(go) to New York? When
    he ______(go) there,we’llsee him off.

  5. Homewith Kids is one of the TV sitcoms that _______(make) us
    laugh again and again.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in.
他表明他不会屈服。 

并列句指把两个同等重要的句子连接在一起,句子之间常用and, not only…but
also…, neither…nor…, then等并列连词连接。

1) It’s a waste of time waiting here. 在这里等是浪费时间。

  倒装句: 谓语的一部分或者全部放在主语之前的句子称为倒装句。

whose

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because
we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

结果状语从句: so that (结果是), so/such…that (如此……以至于)。

例如:

  die、dead、death的用法:die是动词,可以独立做谓语,有各种时态变化,也可以变成非谓语形式作句子的其他成分;dead是形容词,作句子的定语、表语或宾语补足语;death是名词,作句子的主语、宾语等。如:I’m
going to die! (我要死了!) / The man has been dead for about three
months. (那个人死了三个月左右。) / He is worried to death.
(他急得要死。)

What willyou do after you finished your homework?

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time. 
我后悔不该浪费这么多时间。( 实际上已经浪费掉了。) 

① 句子种类两种分类法

  1. 动词-ing形式(短语)作状语时的几个特性。

  2、时间、条件、原因,让步状语从句放在句首时需要用逗号与主句隔开。

  1. Theart club is for members only. You can’t go in ____you are a
    member.

  3.wish引导的虚拟语气:wish
后面的从句,当表示与事实相反的情况,或表示将来不太可能实现的愿望时,其宾语从句的动词形式为: 

October 1, 1949 was the day on which (= when) the new China was
founded。

既然你对此如此有把握,他会相信你的。  

  ①基本形式:(主句+)连词+从句主语+从句谓语+…

a. that b. which c. whered. when

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

① 在以下三种主语从句中,主语从句的谓语动词要用“should+动词原形”,
should可省略。

纵使你反对,我也要去。

  ① 定语从句的位置:放在名词或代词的后面。如:The man who has an
umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了一把雨伞的人是我的叔叔。)

Since weare students, we should study hard.

  You are a student, so am I。

(1)定语从句的分类

不定式作定语: 用不定式作定语,其经常所修饰的名词、代词有: meeting,
reason, time, way, need, right, chance, decision, wish, promise,
ability, anxiety, something, anything, nothing, anybody, somebody,
thing…

  结果状语从句通常由 so that…, so…that…
等引导,放在句尾。结果状语从句一般表示已经发生的事情,故多为过去时态。如:He
lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one.
(他丢了那么多辆自行车,他决定再也不买

3) 主+谓+宾. They reached the village.

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to
work out the problem.  只有那位女生知道怎样解那道题。

Though lacking money, his parents managed to send him to university。

【知识拓展】 Ving形式的时态和语态

  (1)
表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它位于主句中的系动词之后。

练习

  2. 原因状语从句:since引导的

  1. 名词性从句

【句型1】It is + 名词(或形容词) + 动名词 It is + no use /no  good/ a
waste of time so nice+ crying there.doing that.

  [注解]

________ quick , ______ you willmiss the early bus.

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

①当先行词为人时用who
作主语,whom作宾语;②当先行词为物或整个句子时用which,可作主语或宾语;③先行词为人、物时用that
,可作主语或宾语;④ whose用作定语,可指人或物;⑤
关系副词when指时间,在定语从句中作时间状语;⑥where(指地点,在定语从句中作地点状语);why指原因,在定语从句中作原因状语。

A strong man working a whole day could not jump this high.

  4、直接引语如是祈使句,变间接引语时,须将祈使句变为动词不定式,并在动词不定式前用tell,
ask, order. 如:He said to the little boy,“ Come here, young man! ”

I ________ think you ______ tell him youraddress.

  语法知识点2

The first place that they visited in Guilin was Lijing。

2.From space the earth looks like a huge water-covered globe with a few
patches of land sticking out above the water.

  主从复合句由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成。主句为句子的主体,从句只用作句子的一个次要成分,不能独立成为一个句子。从句通常由关联词引导,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在一起。如:While
the grandparents love the children, they are strict with
them.(爷爷奶奶们很爱孩子,同时对他们也严格要求。) / It seemed as if the
meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else)
you’ll be late.(快点, 要不然就来不及了。) / However I cook eggs, the
child still refuses to eat
them.(不管我用什么方法煮鸡蛋,小孩还是不肯吃。)

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she
succeeded.

  8. 原因状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to
decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

I am surprised /shocked that you should speak in such a way。

(3) However hard he may try, he will not attain his goal.

  3、各从句在句子中的位置以及用法:

— I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

I find it astonishing that he should be so rude to his mum。

【注意】①admit, appreciate, avoid,consider, delay, dislike, enjoy,
escape, excuse, feel like, finish, forgive, give up, imagine, include,
keep, mention, mind, miss, practise, put off, resist, risk, suggest,
can’t help, can’t stand等动词后可以用Ving形式作宾语,但不能用不定式。

  (4) 说明原因, 用连接词for ,前后分句时态一致。

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

  6.状语从句省略(分词作状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语一致,状从省略采用分词作状语。例句:

第十六讲 简单句、并列句和复合句

我们发现那老太太躺在床上。

  (4)
定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

考点四 状语从句

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⑤ 在the
+比较级the+比较级句式中,只是把形容词或副词置于句首,句子仍然采用陈述语序。例如:Education
is about learning and the more you learn, the more equipped for life you
are。

  1. Knowing table manners will help you make a good impression.

  2. Having a cellphone also makes us feel safer, since we can call for
    help in case of an emergency.

  3. It’s no use crying over spilt milk. 4. His coming made us very happy.
    (复合结构作主语)

  (2) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

*Though, although与but 不能同时出现在一个句子中

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb
表示“前者情况适用于后者”。例句:

④在句式hardly/scarcely…when…, no
sooner…than…中,第一个分句中过去完成时,第二个分句用一般过去时。例如:She
had hardly sat down when the phone rang。

I must remember to do it.

  时间状语从句通常由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as
,since, till (until), while, whenever
等引导。时间状语从句一般放在句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不允许使用将来时,而应该用现在时替代。如:
When you finish the work, you may go out to play with Sam.
(你完成工作就可以出去和Jim一起玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes
back. (妈妈回来了我才会走。)

Put allthe things _____they were.

  文章来源:跨考教育[微博]

1.简单句、并列句和复合句

(四)Ving形式作表语
Ving形式具有形容词和名词的性质,在句中可作表语。作表语用的Ving形式有两种:

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long
time.”

6.目的状语从句

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes
competition. 私营化的优点在于能促进相互竞争。

2.状语从句:

例如:

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  1. 宾语从句的时态

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 
只有勤奋、正直,一个人在生活中才能成功。 

Much as I have traveled, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as
John。

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  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is
because you are so clever.

常用的连接词有:

  (2)在否定句或疑问句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as
fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

按照句子的结构可分:简单句并列句和复合句三种。

Fast as you read, you can’t finish the book so soon.

  若从句来源于一个一般疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

I want to know when the train left.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English
?你还记得教我们英语的那个女孩吗?

So successful was her business that Marie was able to set up new
branches elsewhere.

Playing with fire is dangerous.(泛指玩火)

  ② 关于宾语从句连词的选择:

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in
Shanghai。

④关系代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词单数还是用复数应由先行词决定。例如:

  1. Ving形式的时态
    Ving形式的时态分一般式和完成式两种,如果Ving形式的动作没有明确地表示出时间是与谓语动词同时发生或在谓语动词以前发生,用Ving形式的一般式。

  (5) 表示结果,用连接词so, 前后分句时态一致。

2)先行词被形容词最高级修饰时。

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will
become。我们越害怕困难,困难就会变得越强大。


since引导的时间状语从句多用一般过去时,而含有since从句的主句通常用现在完成时。例如:I
haven’t met her since I left university。

②用于such…as结构中

新车了。)

Heremembers the day _______ he joined the League.

  7. 原因状从:for的用法。由because
引导的从句如果放在句末,且前面有逗号,则可以用并列连词 for
来代替。但如果不是说明直接原因,而是多种情况加以推断,就只能用 for
。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill.
他今天没来,因为他生病了。

②在insist(坚持), urge (催促), order(命令), command(命令),
suggest(建议),advise(建议),recommend(建议,推荐),
request(请求,要求),
demand(要求),require(要求,需要)等动词后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,
should可省略。

② Ving形式作主语,谓语动词用单数。

  2、分类:

This shirt was _____ _______ ________
_______________ buy.

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 表示 “既然”。与 since
的不同之处在于,now that
引出的必须是一个新出现的事实或情况,如果依然如故,和过去相比并没有变化,则不用
now that 引导。

⑥在”介词+关系代词”结构中,关系代词只能用which和whom,且不能省略;如果介词在句末,关系代词可用which,
that, whom, 口语中也可用who,且可省略。例如:

with
结构在句中作状语,表示时间、条件、原因时一般放在句子前面,并用逗号与句子分开;表示方式和伴随状况时一般放在句子后面,不用逗号分开。

  5、有引号引用某人的原话时,引号外面的主谓一般采用倒装形式放在句尾,但是,若主语是代词则不倒装。如:“What
on earth are you doing up there?” said the father.
(父亲说:“你在上边到底干什么?”) / “What on earth are you doing up
there?”he said. (他说:“你在上边到底干什么?”)

1) 先行词为all, much, something, everything, nothing,little, none, the
one 等不定代词时

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will
be our next president。

当主句和从句语义一致时,用as引导;反之,用which来引导非限制性定语从句;当非限制定语从句为否定意义时,常用which引导。例如:


时间性。如果动词-ing形式所表表示的动作与谓语动词所表示的动作同时发生,则用一般式;如果动词-ing形式所表示的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动作之前则使用完成式。

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

英语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  3.定语从句 who引导的限定性定从。例句:

高考对简单句、并列句和复合句的考查主要包括:句子的结构、连词的选择、从句与主句的谓语动词的时态、主语和从句的语序、一些习惯用语和特殊的句式应用。

一)Ving形式作定语

  目的状语从句通常由so that…, so…hat…, in order that…
等引导,往往放在句尾,从句中通常含有can / could / may /
might等情态动词。如:He got up earlier so that he could catch the first
train. (他起身更早为的是赶上第一班车。)

The shirtwas so cheap that he bought it. à the shirt was cheap enough
forhim to buy.

  10. 不定式:不定式做目的状语。例句:We get up very early to catch
the first bus。

①用that而不用 which的情况:先行词为不定代词all, anything, nothing,
much…;先行词有最高级修饰,有序数词修饰;先行词有only, very,
any等词修饰;先行词既有人又有物时。例如:There is nothing that can
prevent him from doing it。

[注意]现在分词作定语时,它表示的动作是正在进行或与谓语动词所表示的动作几乎同时发生,如果两个动作有先有后,一般不能用现在分词作定语,而要用定语从句。

  关系副词when或where引导定语从句时,它们在从句中分别作时间状语和地点状语。如:This
is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago.
(这是一个星期前他们吵架的房间。) / I can never forget the day when I
first saw you. (我永远不会忘记第一次见到你的日子。)

*Because 和so 不能在一个句子中同时使用。

  4. If虚拟条件句

目的状语从句:in order that (为了),so that (以便)。

With him taken care of,we felt quite relieved.(欣慰)→(He was taken good
care of.)

  如主句是过去时,从句则相应地使用过去某一时态,遇到客观真理时仍然用现在时。如:I
think I will do better in English this term.
(我想本学期我的英语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the
earth is round. (老师问那个男孩地球是不是圆的。)

2) that后的句子是肯定句。常用enough to 进行转换。

  1.as…as.。。引导的比较级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+
as+被比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you.
他像你一样学习努力。

(6)状语从句被用于强调结构中

⑤在短语devote to, look forward to, stick to, be used to, object to,
thank you for, excuse me for, be (kept) busy, be worth, have difficulty
/ trouble / problem(in), have a good / wonderful / hard time(in), feel
 like, get down to等后的动词也必须用Ving形式。

  并列复合句是由两个或两个以上并列而又独立的简单句构成。两个简单句常由并列连接词连在一起;但有时不用连接词,只在两个简单句之间用一逗号或分号。

I want to know ________the train _________

  2.only引导的倒装句型:only +状语
(或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

按照句子的用途,英语的句子可分:陈述句(肯定、否定)、疑问句(一般、特殊、选择、反意)、祈使句、感叹句等四种。

  1. 表示用途:

  如:This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the
room Miss Li once lived in.) (这是李小姐曾经居住过的房间。)

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  4.it形式宾语:和it 作形式主语一样,  我们常用it 来作形式宾语,
把真正的宾语从句放在句末, 这种情况尤其出现在带复合宾语的句子中。

This is the best coffee maker that I have ever been made。

1.as用作连词引导时间状语从句

  ①不用引号,而用连接词that,但有时可省略。

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

  ⑵表示对过去情况的虚拟:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

②在so/such…that.。.结果状语从句中,so+形容词/副词或such+名词置于句首时,主句采用部分倒装语序。例如:

如果Ving形式的动作发生在谓语动词所表示的动作之前,通常用Ving形式的完成时态。

  例如:They believe that the computer will finally take the place of
human beings.(他们相信计算机终将代替人类。) (从句本来就是陈述句)/ I
wonder whether I should say something for him to the headmaster.
(我不知道是不是该为他在校长跟前说点什么。) (从句来源于一般问句Shall I
say something for him to the headmaster?) / He asked me where he could
get such medicine. (他问我在哪儿能搞到那样的药。)
(从句来源于特殊问句Where can he get such medicine? )

1.关系代词的基本用法

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely…when。.

② 并列句的分类

蓝色圈出部分~~

  4、感叹句中通常将被感叹的部分前移,而将句子的主谓语整体后置。
如:What a beautiful flower (it is)! (那是多漂亮的花!)

  1. 宾语从句的引导词

  1. 宾语从句:一般疑问句做宾语,引入if或whether

原因状语从句:because, since, as, now that。

例如:

  从句按其在复合句中的作用,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。(参见以下各条)

  1. Nowmany parents send their children to foreign countries, _____
    they want them toget a better education.
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(1)名词性从句分类:

他到达工地时,天正在下雪。

  2、直接引语如果是一般疑问句,变为间接引语时,需用从属连接词whether或if引导,词序要改变。如:Lin
Tao said to Miss Green, “Is it made in China?” →Lin Tao asked Miss Green
if it was made in China.

He is young, but he works hard.虽然他年轻,但工作努力。

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

Scarcely had he sat down when there was a knock at the door。

例如:

  →Mr Smith said to his girl friend that he had not seen her for a
long time.

(2) 主句是过去时态,宾语从句应使用过去时的相应时态。

  语法知识点1

I am glad that your story should have won the first prize。

例如:

  如:Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner?
(你认识那个在角落里哭泣的女人吗?) / Do not tell me any words that have
nothing to do with me. (跟我无关的话,请一个字也不要说。)

  1. Workhard, _____ you’ll fall behind your classmates.

状语从句通常修饰主句的动词或整个句子,由从属连词引导,从属连词在从句中不充当句子成分。根据状语从句所表达的不同意义和功能,可分为时间、地点、原因、条件、目的、结果、让步、比较、方式等状语从句。

see, hear, look at, notice, observe, feel, find…等及使役动词:have,
make, leave, keep,
get…等后既可以用不定式也可以用Ving形式作宾语补足语。不定式(不带
to)表示过程或动作完成,Ving形式强调进行或当时情景。

  ③
宾语从句的时态问题:如果主句是现在时,从句则用现在某一时态,甚至可以用过去时;

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

Mr Smith is the only foreigner teacher that he knows。

在to be worth doing 句型中,Ving形式doing表示的是被动意义。

  如:He says,”I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the
USA.

考点五 定语从句

让步状语从句: no matter who/whom/what/which/how/when/where, though,
although, as, even if /even though, whatever, whoever, however,
wherever, whenever等。

(1) She is late, as is often the case.

  (3) 表明两个概念彼此有矛盾、相反或者转折,
常用的连接词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态一致。

1) when 在句中作状语,表示时间。

  1. 定语从句

as, though表示“虽然……但是”,“纵使……”之意。

  3、在疑问句中,通常使用在主语之前安放助动词的倒装方法,对主语提问除外。如:How
did he find the lost book? (他是怎么样找到丢失的书的?) / Where are they
going to spend the summer vacation? (他们打算到哪儿过暑假?)

He is theonly one of the boys who________ (like) playing
football.

a. 当现行词为 the same
+名词,such+名词时,要用关系代词as引导定语从句。例如:

例如: We have no time to lose.

  5、直接引语变为间接引语时,指示代词以及表示时间和地点的词或词组应作相应变化

—- Of course. He comes from Japan.

He made a long speech, as we expected。

The flowers want watering.

  ③主句里的动词如果是过去时,间接引语中的时态一般应作相应改变:
一般现在时变一般过去时;一般将来时变过去将来时;现在进行时变过去进行时;现在完成时变成过去完成时;一般过去时变成过去完成时;但一般过去时如与一个具体的过去时间连用,则时态不变。

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

(3) 名词性从句中的特殊时态

【比较】

  2、直接引语改变为间接引语:

which\that

It is strange /surprising that she should not have been invited。

例如:

  (5)
主语从句:在句子中充当句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词之前。通常由that,whether以及疑问连词引导。一般情况下,常用it替代主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When
we should start is still a question.
(我们该在什么时候开始还是个问题呢。)

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to
overcome difficulties.

(3) It is+动词的过去分词+ that…句型。常见的动词有advise, order, propose,
request, suggest, demand, require等。

那个老板让工人整夜地工作。

  ③ 关系代词或关系副词的作用:

3)当先行词被the only, the very, the just等修饰时。

简单句只有一个主语或并列主语和一个谓语或并列谓语。并列句由并列连词and,
but,
or,so等)或分号(;)把两个或两个以上的简单句连在一起构成。复合句:含有一个或一个以上从句的句子。复合句包含:状语从句\名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句)和定语从句等三种。

例如:

  直接引语和间接引语

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you
help

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